Georgia's Industrialized Buildings Program was established in 1976 with the
purpose of establishing building construction standards for factory built
housing. In 1982 the program was expanded by the General Assembly to include,
in addition to housing, all business and commercial buildings that are mass-produced
in factories and then transported to building sites to be installed (this may also include structures). Manufactured
(mobile) homes are excluded from the program. Their regulation is the responsibility
of the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Georgia's Industrialized Buildings program does not impact
buildings constructed in the conventional manner. Such buildings, which
account for the vast majority of new construction in Georgia, are regulated
through construction codes adopted by the state and enforced by local
governments. It should be noted also that the Industrialized Buildings
program does not supersede zoning regulations administered by local governments. More...
Benefits of the Program
The program covers buildings or components that are of "closed construction" only,
meaning that these buildings or components cannot be inspected at the installation
site without disassembly, damage or destruction.
Regulating the construction of mass-produced (industrialized)
buildings to ensure their safety and soundness presents problems beyond
the normal scope of local building inspection regulation. Local regulation
programs are generally designed to cover only structures that are conventionally
built (piece-by-piece) at the construction site.
Industrialized Building Manufacturers also face unique
problems. There is simply no satisfactory way for these manufacturers
to have buildings inspected by every local building code enforcement
authority that receives these buildings in its jurisdiction. The number
of code interpretations and the cost of inspector transportation would
preclude a viable factory inspection program by each local government.
The program provides a mechanism whereby local building
inspection departments can be assured that quality buildings are being
installed in their jurisdiction. It also provides a cost effective
mechanism whereby manufactures can have their buildings inspected during
the manufacturing process.
How the Program Operates
The program operates in accordance with rules that have been adopted by the
Commissioner of the Georgia Department of Community Affairs under authority
granted by the Industrialized Buildings Act.
Manufacturers are required to obtain state approval
for their manufacturing systems and quality control procedures. Field
inspection of these systems and procedures, along with inspection of
industrialized buildings during manufacture, is accomplished by the
department through an inspection system that utilizes independent private
engineers and construction experts.
All state-approved industrialized buildings must be
manufactured to meet the official Georgia State Construction Codes.
Such buildings will have a department insignia indicating their compliance
with the state's construction standards. An approved building is deemed
to comply with all local ordinances and laws relating to its construction.
Local governments retain control over all matters relating
to a building's installation at a site, including subdivision controls,
zoning, grading, foundation installations and utility hook-ups.
The Commissioner of the Georgia Department of Community Affairs has the overall
responsibility for the administration and enforcement of the program. To
assist in this responsibility, an eleven-member Advisory Committee, with
representation from manufacturers, local government and the construction
trades and professions, advises the Commissioner regarding the rules.
The Commissioner has assigned the day-to-day administration
of the program to DCA's Community Development Division.
For more information on Industrialized Buildings, please contact: